Criminological perspective on female gang behavior
General overviews several recently published books, book chapters, and articles offer a general overview of feminist theories and their application to various subfields of criminology (eg, the study of violent crime, gangs, drug offenses, policing, corrections. An approach to criminological theorizing that attempts to link the structure and organization of a human community to interactions with its localized environment -most gangs (83%) report having female members, but few allow female members to assume leadership roles patterning, and evaluating of male and female behavior sex. 117 6 social structure, culture, and crime: assessing kornhauser’s challenge to criminology 1 ross l matsueda ruth kornhauser (1978) s ’ social sources of delinquency has had a lasting inﬂ uence on criminological theory and research. Norms on female gang behavior, and discuss the long-term consequences of gang membership recommenda-tions for future research are also offered ports on female gangs this bulletin sum-marizes both past and current research on female gangs and draws attention to pro-grammatic and research needs it consid. Juvenile delinquency, theories of the topic of juvenile delinquency is a fertile area for construction of sociological theory three major sociological traditions, including structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory, contribute to the explanation of delinquency.
Scholarship in criminology has focused on individuals’ pathways to crime—how life experiences, often beginning during childhood, lead to criminality in adolescence or adulthood general frameworks for this research include life-course, developmental, and biosocial criminology. In an ethnographic study of female gang members, criminological and psychological perspectives would do much to guide research and develop theory further 15 theory knitting a good theory should be able to explain and predict behavior (eg newton-smith, cj przemienieckigang behavior and movies:. Criminal behavior, criminological theory, juvenile justice this article examines the who, what, where, when, why, and how of gang joining the question of what youth join when they join gangs speaks to the contested nature of gang definitions and.
A review of the research literature on female gang involvement identifies three central research themes these are the need for a feminist perspective, changes in the magnitude of the problem, and the degree to which membership can be a form of liberation. If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below access to society journal content varies across our titles if you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow. Criminology springing from critical race feminism (belknap, 2014 potter, 2006) beginning with an acknowledgment of the social construction of race, this perspective focuses on how gender, race, and other vectors of oppression intersect to illuminate. Testing gang membership and association with antisocial peers as independent predictors of antisocial behavior: gang members compared to non-gang members of law-violating youth groups paper presented at the annual meeting of the american society of criminology, chicago november. It is designed to give upper-level students a clear understanding of the underlying assumptions of criminological thought by examining the ideas of its various theories on human nature, societal structure, criminal law, criminal behavior, crime causation, and criminal justice policy.
Journal of criminal law and criminology volume 69 issue 1spring article 9 spring 1978 girls, guys and gangs: the changing social context of female delinquency. Louis kontos, david brotherton and luis barrios, eds, gangs and society: alternative perspectives (new york: columbia university press, 2003) this collection of fifteen articles examines the question of gangs in society from a critical criminology perspective, challenging orthodox criminological and sociological approaches. Chapter 16 crime and criminality it is criminal to steal a purse, and inducenments to rat on the gang other criminal conspiracies often try to mimic the si- a systems perspective on crime criminal behavior is the product of a systematic process that involves complex inter. Social learning theories focus on behavior and explain the process by which criminal behavior takes place and tells why the behavior occurs according to differential association, criminal behavior is learned based on the interactions with others and the values that are received during the interaction.
Journal of quantitative criminology, vol 15, no 1, 1999 violence and gangs: gender differences in perceptions and behavior elizabeth piper deschenes1 and finn-aage esbensen2 most research on violence has focused on males, but recent studies indicate that. Encyclopedia of criminological theory user review - book verdict why do societies have crime answers date from antiquity and the bible, but this encyclopedia eschews what professor george vold considers historical and spiritual explanations. The sociological approach to crime and correction danin giasr - the approach to crime which is distinctively sociological assumes that the criminal acquires his interest, ability, and means of self-justification in crime through. Biological theories of crime attempt to explain behaviors contrary to societal expectations through examination of individual characteristics these theories are categorized within a paradigm called positivism (also known as determinism), which asserts that behaviors, including law-violating behaviors, are determined by factors largely beyond individual control. Aggressive behavior (2010), 36, 423-436 5 interactional theory provides a constructive framework for exploring these individual, social, and psychological factors and how they relate to gang membership.
Criminological perspective on female gang behavior
Approach to criminology that focuses on the interaction between biological and social factors as they are related to crime, -human behavior is a function of the interaction of biochemical, neurological, and genetic factors with environmental stimuli (family life, community factors. Sociology 3338: sociology of gangs issue: why is it important to study and understand the sociology of gangs here are some pointers to supplement your readings to start with, gang crime is a major serious problem in american society. Next, this chapter discusses traditional theories of female crime, followed by feminist critiques of previous research focusing on women attitudes about criminal behavior as well as criminal offenders at the end of this chapter, we will address within these emerging political perspectives, that feminist criminology began to question.
- Criminal behavior and learning theory c r jeffery follow this and additional works at: selects a male rather than a female as the sex object because of his past conditioning history in criminal or delinquent gang delinquents talk a great deal about their exploits and conquests in.
- Student study guide for criminological theories: introduction, evaluation, application macro theories of criminal behavior explain the “big picture” of crime—crime under this perspective, people can understand the difference between right and wrong, and can choose to commit.
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Published: mon, 5 dec 2016 according to the office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention (ojjdp), today’s gangs are best characterized by their diversity in geographical location, organization, and their involvement in criminal or delinquent activities. This edited book summarizes the current state of knowledge on the development of criminal and antisocial behavior over the life course it focuses mainly on the developmental perspective, which has had a paradigmatic influence on current theoretical and empirical works in criminology.